Nutrition – the basic fundamental biological process


Nutrition is the basic fundamental biological process which is responsible for proper growth, development and for making and activating different types of antibodies. Antibodies are the biological compounds that fight against various kinds of microorganisms which are entered into body and responsible for diseases.  Nutrition may be defined as the process by which accumulated food are absorbed in body. On the other hand, nutrition elements or nutrients are those elements which are basic parts of nutrition. Lack of nutrition form different types of diseases and susceptible to numerous disease forming pathogens.

Type of nutrients:

There are six types of essential nutrition elements:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Lipids or fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • And water

Carbohydrates are of the fundamental element of nutrition.  The alternative name of carbohydrate is starch or glucose. Carbohydrate supply energy to body. It is a compound of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. The accumulated starch is converted to energy and rest of carbohydrate is converted to glycogen. Glycogen is a unit of amino acids. There are various types of sources of carbohydrates such as wheat, rice, barley, sugarcane, sugar beet etc.

Protein is a unit of 20 different essential amino acid for human body. It is also very essential compound to nutrition. It gives energy and mainly buildup muscles. As a result of buildup muscles, protein forms the body structure. So, it is very fundamental factors of human being. Nitrogen is the main composition of protein. Protein is the basic structure of muscle, blood, blood serum, cell organs, enzymes, hormones etc. The sources of protein are meat, fish, bean, nuts, soya food, eggs and lots of other foods.

Fat is a sources of heat and basic structure of phospholipids. Phospholipids are the main structure of cell membrane. Fat is accumulated and store different body organs such as under skin, abdomen, heart surface and lots of other parts of body. Lipids are a composition of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Fats are classified in to two types namely saturated and unsaturated. Sources of lipids are different types of oils, cheese, eggs, animal fats, cream, butter etc.

Vitamins are vital for human health and fitness. Vitamins are essential elements of human foods. Vitamins are the products that are directly motivated or accelerate of various types of chemical reaction in human body. Main vitamins are vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K. Vitamins are either fat soluble and non fat soluble. Lack of vitamins show different types of symptoms. There are various types of sources of vitamins such as vegetable,  eggs, milk, fruits etc.

Minerals are composition of different chemical compound of human body. Fresh food, fruits, eggs, bean, meat, vegetables etc are the main sources of minerals.

Lastly, water is fundamental and basic part of human body. About 90% of total mass weight of cell is formed by water. Water is universal solvent and all chemical reaction is formed with the present of water.

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